With an interesting and tumultuous history behind her, Vietnam has fast evolved as a sought after holiday destination in Asia. The country’s rich heritage and war history has enamoured people for long, with millions visiting Vietnam each year, hoping to unfold the ancient cultural glory and modern military history. Along with the forts, palaces, monuments and other historical structures, it is the museums here that have a lot to share with people coming in from all corners of the globe. Vietnam has plenty of museums where you can spend some time unearthing the country’s past. Take a look at few of them below.
National Museum of Vietnamese History
Built in 1958, National Museum of Vietnamese History is one of the oldest museums in the country and a classic masterpiece of Chinese and French architecture. Located in Hanoi, it is divided into five sections, housing around 200,000 artefacts. Axe heads, sculpture of Quan Am and Dong Son drums are few of the unique possession of the museum. Along with the exhibitions, interactive sessions enable guests to have a better understanding of the country’s colourful history.
Vietnam Military History Museum
Also known as the ‘Army Museum’, Vietnam Military History Museum is a well-known attraction in the country. This place is famed for its rich collection of artefacts and weaponry used during the Vietnam War.
Accounts written by former soldiers, war relics, weapons, paintings and memorials offer a unique perspective to the war that ravaged the country. Douglas A-1E and A-1H Skyraiders, M114 155 mm howitzer , Bell UH-1H Iroquois, Cessna A-37B Dragonfly, SA-2 Guideline SAM, 37 mm automatic air defence gun M1939 (61-K) , Mikoyan-Gurevich MiG-21 MF & PFM and 85 mm divisional gun D-44 are few of the attractions at the museum.
War Remnants Museum
Reminding people about the brutal Vietnam War, War Remnants Museum is a must visit site in Vietnam. Opened in 1975, this complex displays war relics like artillery and armour, war records, press clipping and memorials written by soldiers. An F-5A fighter, M48 Patton tank, A-37 Dragonfly attack bomber, a BLU-82 “Daisy Cutter” bomb are the prominent military memorabilia put on display at the museum. The tiger cages where the political prisoners were kept during the war are the major attractions of the museum.
Vietnamese Women’s Museum
Located in Hanoi, Vietnamese Women’s Museum is a museum dedicated to the women of Vietnam. Opened to public in 1995, the complex is divided across different sections and is home to 28,000 objects and artefacts highlighting the many phases and faces of women’s life. A bride’s costume, gift box of engagement, items made of textiles, metals, soil, glass, leather and silk, and pictures of wedding rituals are all key attractions here at the museum.
Museum of Cham Sculpture
Featuring the largest display of relics from the Cham era, Museum of Cham Sculpture is another popular museum in Vietnam. With its roots in the early 1920s, this place is home to the widest collection of archaeological sculptures, artefacts and valuable goods dating back to pre-historic era. Shiva lingam, Guerrier volant, Mỹ Sơn and Statue of Garuda are some of the interesting attractions at the museum. With most of the statues and figures dating back to the early 7th and 8th century, this place is a delight for historians and archaeologists.
National Oceanographic Museum of Vietnam
Housing over 20,000 living and preserved marine species including a few extinct ones, National Oceanographic Museum of Vietnam is famous for its breeding programmes and ongoing research. Tanks filled with reef sharks, scorpion fish, puffers, turtles, coral reefs and seaweed tell a lot about Vietnam’s rich aquatic life. The skeleton of humpback whale excavated in 1994 is a major attraction of the museum.
Ho Chi Minh Museum
Ho Chi Minh Museum is one of the largest museums in the country. Inaugurated in 1990, this beautiful lotus shaped complex is famed for its valuable collection of ancient artefacts and documents highlighting the life and career of President Ho Chi Minh. Over 12000 documents, pictures, books, gifts and newspaper clippings are a few of exhibits here. The birth and death anniversary of the President is a major celebration at the museum.