Located in the western part of India, Rajasthan is one of the most colourful and traditionally rich states in the country. Flaunting a royal ambience mixed with tradition and culture, it is one of the best places to travel back in time to understand the country’s rich history. For the state was ruled by kings of different clans for many years, Rajasthan is aptly known as the ‘Land of Kings’. And the many forts and palaces here will tell you just that. Here’s a guide to some of the most beautiful forts of Rajasthan.
Located in the district of Amer near Jaipur, Amer Fort is one famous structure in Rajasthan. The 15th century palace is believed to have been built by Maharaja Man Singh and later on improved by his descendants. The grand fort has 4 beautifully constructed courtyards, private quarters and the official chamber for the royal family. Mughal Gardens, The Tripolia Gate, The Lion Gate and Sheesha Mahal are among the popular attractions found within the structure. Today, the fort is one of the most visited sites in Rajasthan.
Situated alongside the barren stretches of Thar Desert, Jaisalmer Fort is one of the largest fully preserved forts in Rajasthan. Built in 11th century by the famous Rajput ruler, Rawal Jaisal, the popular structure is well known for its beauty and architecture. The 4 massive gateways, Raj Mahal, Jain temples and Laxminath temple are the popular attractions of the fort. There are several houses of the nobles and the merchants known as merchant havelis within the fort structure. It is these havelis-turned-museums that allow visitors to travel back in time and understand the rich history of the state.
Located near the town of Sawai Madhopur, Ranthambore Fort is a prominent attraction in Rajasthan. Constructed in 944 AD by Raja Sajraj Veer Singh Nagil, the fort was built in order to protect the kingdom from the invaders. Known for its design and architecture, the fort features a massive gateway, several courtyards and the king’s chamber. Ranthambore National Park, Bakula, Jain Temples, Raj Bagh Ruins and Surwal Lake are among the popular attractions around the fort. The fort is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.
Located in the city of Chittorgarh, Chittor Fort is one of the oldest forts in India. This 7th century construction features 7 grand entrance gates namely Pandan Pol, Bhairon Pol, Hanuman Pol, Ganesh Pol, Jodla Pol, Laxman Pol and the largest of the lot, the Ram Pol along with the King’s chamber. Interestingly, the fort is house to several historical monuments including Vijay Stambh, Kirti Stambh, Fatah Prakash palace, Rana Kumbha palace, Gaumukh reservoir and Padmini’s palace. For its beauty and architecture, the fort is a World Heritage Site.
Located in Jodhpur, Mehrangarh Fort is one of the largest forts in India. Built in 1460 by Rao Jodha, this fort is known for its intricate carvings and beautiful courtyards. It is believed that the 7 massive gates leading to the fort were constructed by different rulers as a way to celebrate their victory in different parts of the state. On display at the fort museum are Elephant’s Howdahs, palanquins, Mehrangarh treasures, armoury and paintings. The Turban Gallery, a royal preservatory of different styles and designs of turbans used by kings in ancient Rajasthan is one popular attraction within the fort structure.