Blessed with the best of natural beauty, unique geological features and unusual ecosystems, the United States of America is a country enjoying abundant natural riches. With around 59 protected areas and a number of national parks, a holiday in USA is incomplete without exploring its rich wildlife. The first national park was established in the country around 145 years ago and several others came up soon thereafter.
Yellowstone National Park
Comprising of several lakes, rivers, mountains ranges and canyons, Yellowstone National Park is the oldest national park in the United States. The park is home to around 1700 species of plants. The gray wolf, coyote, the threatened Canadian lynx, the bison, black bear, elk, moose, mule deer, white-tailed deer, mountain goat, pronghorn, bighorn sheep, and cougar are some of the animals spotted here. Apart from the rich flora and fauna, the park is famous for its geysers and scenic locations.
Sequoia National Park
Established in 1890 to protect the rich flora and fauna of the country, Sequoia National Park is the second oldest national park in the United States. Featuring rugged foothills, deep canyons, vast caverns, mountains and some of the world’s largest trees, it is also home to several wild animals, such as coyote, black bear, bighorn sheep, deer, fox, cougar, species of turtle, opossum, wolverine, roadrunner, beaver and muskrat. While game watching is the most popular activity in the park, you can also enjoy hiking, camping, fishing, backpacking and other adventure sports here. The Sequoia and Kings Canyon Museum, housing over 800,000 objects and archives; Tunnel Log; Tokopah Falls; and Moro Rock are the popular attractions in and around the park.
Yosemite National Park
Known for its granite cliffs, lakes, mountains, biological diversity, waterfalls, clear streams and giant sequoia groves, Yosemite National Park remains one of the most visited national parks in the USA. The wildlife includes great grey owl, willow flycatcher, Yosemite toad, mountain beaver, brown bear and California condor. Hiking, climbing, downhill skiing, camping and tours to the nearby preservatory and research centre are top activities among the tourists.
Mount Rainier National Park
Mount Rainer National Park is another, old national park in United States. Located close to the city of Tacoma, it is home to mammals and amphibians and birds like including cougar, black bear, raccoon, coyote, bobcat, snowshoe hare, weasel, red fox, porcupine, skunk, marmot, marten, pika, elk, raptors, chickadee, kinglet, northern goshawk, willow flycatcher, spotted owl, bald eagle, ptarmigan, harlequin duck, peregrine falcon and golden eagle. Official records, manuscripts, images, and other collectables can be found at the library and archive centre.
Crater Lake National Park
Located in southern Oregon, Crater Lake National Park was established in 1902 with an aim to protect the endangered species of the country. The park has a large population of birds and animals including Canadian lynxes, beavers, chipmunks, foxes, cougars, squirrels, porcupines, black bears, coyotes, timber wolves, elk, muskrats, martens, American dippers, peregrine falcons, ravens, gray jays, bald eagles, hummingbirds and spotted owls. Along with protecting the animal and bird population, the park features a collection of archives and records at the Crater Lake Museum and Archives Collection.